ISAC - Independent Schools Adventure Cruises
Baalbeck

BEIRUT, The Lebanon

Wednesday 26th October arrive 0700 depart 1900



Lebanon is a beautiful little country. In area little more than 10,000 sq. kms (4,000 sq. miles), it is about as geographically diverse as it is possible to be; the coastal strip with its ancient and modern cities, the high mountains with their popular ski resorts and the wine producing Bekaa Valley.

With settlements reaching back to 10,000BC, cultural diversity is a feature of Lebanon Christian and Islamic architecture mingling with the relics of the conquering peoples of antiquity Phoenicians, Egyptians, Greeks and Roman, Arabs, Crusaders and Turks.

Shore Excursion Full day Baalbeck

Baalbeck, Lebanon's greatest Roman treasure, can be counted among the wonders of the ancient world. The largest and most noble Roman temples ever built, they are also among the best preserved. Towering high above the Bekaa plain, their monumental proportions proclaimed the power and wealth of Imperial Rome. The gods worshipped here, the Triad of Jupiter, Venus and Mercury, were grafted onto the indigenous deities of Hadad, Atargatis and a young male god of fertility. Baalbeck is located on two main historic trade routes, one between the Mediterranean coast and the Syrian interior and the other between northern Syria and northern Palestine. Today the city, 85 km from Beirut, is an important administrative and economic centre in the northern Bekaa valley. For centuries the temples of Baalbeck lay under meters of rubble, obscured by medieval fortifications. But even in ruin the site attracted the admiration of visitors and its historical importance was recognized. During the Hellenistic period (333-64 B.C.), the Greeks identified the god of Baalbeck with the sun god and the city was called Heliopolis or City of the Sun.
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